OF Ayurveda IN
the Western World
science though ancient, could not be more relevant to today’s
medical challenges and needs. In fact along with Buddhism it is
the fastest growing belief system in the West. In ancient India,
Buddhism enriched the Ayurvedic system and took it to the
masses. Ayurveda is
so popular because it complements western medicine and Ayurveda
understands how and why we become ill. It can offer effective
treatment for many conditions for which conventional medicine
has not found cure.
– A RECOGNISED "PATHY" BY W.H.O
20 years back, W.H.O. adopted Traditional Medicine programmed in
conjunction with the goal of health for all with the adoption of
primary health care approach. W.H.O. has an open mind on
Traditional Medicine. However, it endorses only that therapy
which has solid scientific evidence with no toxicity. In view of
this Ayurveda is duly recognized by W.H.O.
AYURVEDIC SYSTEM Vs CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM
Being holistic and disease
eradicative with principles of individualized treatment,
contusive to socio-economic conditions of India and with
availability of abundance of formulations for any particular
disease, use of food items as medicine and lifestyle rules,
Ayurveda enjoys a better place in respect of prevention and cure
of the disease is concerned in comparison to western medical
FOR AYURVEDA IN CONTEMPORARY PERIOD
has a wide scope as far as, the Prevention of disease; Promotion
of Health and its Preservation are concerned. Lifestyle rules
mentioned in Ayurvedic texts if applied rigorously give definite
results. Lifestyle related diseases, drug abuse, degenerative
diseases, autoimmune diseases and certain metabolic and allergic
disorders are well manageable with Ayurvedic techniques and
MECHANISM FOR AYURVEDIC (EDUCATION AND PRACTICE)
Central Council of Indian Medicine is a body corporate
established under the provisions of IMCC Act, 1970 to maintain
Central Register of Practitioners of Indian Medicines and for
dealing with matters connected therewith. The Council is
responsible for maintaining the minimum standards of education.
This Council as per the provisions in the Act. Introduced the
following courses through Regulations.
1. Ayurveda Degree Course = Ayurvedacharya (BAMS)
2. Ayurveda Post Graduate Degree Course = Ayurved Vachaspati (MD
Ayurved Varidhi = Ph.D Ayurveda
OF Ayurvedic Medicines
Medicines are being sold in two ways, by practicing
Ayurveda doctors and through retail counters. Again
retail counters are of two types- purely Ayurvedic &
secondly along with allopathic medicines. Classical
Ayurvedic medicines as mentioned in original texts of
Ayurveda are usually available in former type of
counters whereas patent
and proprietary medicines are mainly
available in allopathic chemist shops. Both types of chemists by
and large are available in almost all small and big towns/
cities where from required Ayurveda medicines can be accessed.
competent Ayurveda practitioner
Ayurveda doctor having such degree/ qualifications as mentioned
in 2nd, 3rd and 4th schedules
of Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 is a recognized
medical practitioner. BAMS and MD (Ayurveda) degrees of new
pattern and equivalent qualifications of the time before the
enactment of Central Act are recognized qualifications for the
purpose of registration and practice of Ayurvedic Medicine.
Medicine INTAKE with modern medicines
not indicated otherwise by the attending physician, Ayurveda
Medicines can generally be taken along with allopathic medicines.
Moreover, Ayurveda Medicines are used as adjuvant to allopathic
medicines in most of chronic and degenerative diseases. As such
there is no harm to consume simple herbal formulations of Ayurveda
even without the prescription of the doctor but mineral based
medicines must be used after due consultation and advice of the
LABORATORY OF INDIAN MEDICINE (PLIM)
Government of India in 1970 established PLIM as an organization to
monitor the quality of Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha drugs. This is
an apex laboratory helping to lay down the standards of Ayurvedic
medicines. It is the approved laboratory under the Drugs and
Cosmetic Act, 1940. This laboratory is situated in the CGO Complex
at Ghaziabad (U.P.).
for manufacturing Ayurvedic Medicines
exists such a regulation by which commercial manufacturing of
Ayurvedic medicines are regulated. Manufacturers have to take
prior license from the State Drug Controlling Authority for
running an Ayurvedic Pharmacy. Formulations whether classical or
patent proprietary has to be got cleared from the competent
authority before starting commercial manufacturing.
good manufacturing pracitices (GMP) in ayurvedic pharmacies
there was no provision /regulatory binding for ensuring good
manufacturing of Ayurvedic medicines. Imposition of GMP through an
amendment in the current licensing procedures has been implemented
w.e.f. 23-6-2000. This will not only pose stringent guidelines for
having standard hygienic conditions in the pharmacy, but will also
help in improving the quality of medicinal products.
Research Expertise In Ayurveda
Research in Ayurveda
with clearly defined objectives and well-designed protocols was
the need of hour- if Ayurveda has to respond to emerging
challenges of the global health care scenario. Realizing this need
a number of organization were pressed into various aspects of
these research needs.
A deliberate effort to carry
out integrated and coordinated research on medicinal plants
selected after careful discussion and consultation with reputed
Ayurvedic & Unani physicians was made for the first time in
India by the Indian Council
of Medical Research (ICMR) in 1964 through the Composite
Drug Research Scheme (CDRS). In 1970, this scheme was
transferred to the newly constituted Central
Council For Research In Indian Medicine & Homeopathy (CCRIMH).
Recently, two autonomous bodies, the Council
For Research In Ayurveda And Siddha and Central
Council For Research In Unani have been constituted after
winding up the CCRIMH.
taken up interdisciplinary research in Ayurveda on a large scale,
among both curricular and co-curricular programs.
Research efforts in Ayurveda
have increased manifold during the last couple of decades.
However, most of these efforts have revolved around the intention
of discovering new drugs from plants like Codeine
(Papaver somniferum), Atropine (Hyoscyamus niger), Hyoscyamine (Hyoscyamus
(Digitalis purpurea), Hyoscine (Datura metel), Pilocarpine
(Pilocarpus jaborandi) and Quinidine (Cinchona spp.) etc.
information sources are primary and secondary data from CCRAS,
CCIM, ICMR, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare-India and
various research and pharmaceuticals organizations]